Diplomacy Concepts 101

Multilateral Diplomacy – is the process of managing intergovernmental relations multilaterally

Conference Diplomacy – the management of relations between governments and of relations between governments and intergovernmental organizations that takes place in international conferences. (J. Kaufmann)

Negotiation – a process in which explicit proposals are put forward ostensibly for the purpose of reaching an agreement on an exchange or on the realization of a common interest where conflicting interests are present. (Fred Charles Ikle)

Negotiation – is a process whereby two or more parties seek an agreement to establish what each shall give or take, or perform and receive in a transaction between them.

Peacekeeping is defined by the United Nations as “a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the Organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict create the conditions for lasting peace”. (en.wikipedia.org)

Peacebuilding is a term used within the international development community to describe the processes and activities involved in resolving violent conflict and establishing a sustainable peace. It is an overarching concept that includes conflict transformation, restorative justice, trauma healing, reconciliation, development, and leadership, underlain by spirituality and religion. (en.wikipedia.org)

Peacemaking is a form of conflict resolution which focuses on establishing equal power relationships (aka Divide and conquer) that will be robust enough to forestall future conflict, and establishing some means of agreeing on ethical decisions within a community that has previously had conflict. (en.wikipedia.org)

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